Operating principles and methods
We act to preserve biodiversity based on the "prevention – reduction – restoration – compensation" principle.
At an early stage, an assessment of the impact of proposed environmental projects (an environmental impact assessment) is performed, during which background information about the state of ecosystems on the territory of proposed operations is collected (including the condition of valuable and specially protected species of flora and fauna). The data received are taken into account when selecting the site for production facilities; if necessary, alternative project implementation options are considered. The risk of harming biodiversity is assessed, and the environmental and related social and economic consequences of such harm are estimated.
During the early stage, we take steps to reduce and compensate for the impact of production hazards and risks, including measures to prevent the introduction of alien species. The assessment of environmental monitoring results is used to adjust adopted measures and activity plans. Particular attention is paid to readiness to mitigate emergencies, impacts on animals, birds, and the plant world, as well as measures to save them from further harm.
The Company employs cutting-edge technologies to ensure environmental safety and invests significantly in this area. In particular, an integrated in-process environmental control (hereinafter, the IPEC) system has been implemented at facilities for the development of marine deposits and transportation. This facilitates assessing their environmental impacts in a timely manner. The innovativeness of IPEC lies in the way that complex natural and man-made environments at each life cycle stage of a facility are observed, using satellite surveys and underwater observations (subsea and geophysical stations and measurements directly at production facilities and in their vicinity).
Corporate methods were developed for the operational interpretation of environmental monitoring data. For example, the system for assessing the impact of oil production on the marine ecosystem is reflected in the corporate standard of LLC LUKOIL-Nizhnevolzhskneft, in relation to environmental monitoring using bottom stations and identifying sources of hydrocarbon pollution in the Caspian Sea during oil and gas field development.
The main measures for preserving biodiversity comprise: introducing fish and bird protection devices; compensating for damage to water biological resources; clearing small riverbeds, including in areas of underwater pipeline systems; rehabilitating oil-contaminated soils; and landscaping work and improvements to production bases. Specific activities are planned and implemented as part of the environmental safety programs of LUKOIL Group entities.
PJSC LUKOIL implements a Biodiversity Preservation Program for the Company's facilities operating in the Russian Arctic Zone. Under this program, companies operating in the zone (LLC LUKOIL-West Siberia, LLC LUKOIL-Komi, and LLC Varandey Terminal) develop their own action plans to preserve biodiversity, including rare species of flora and fauna (indicator species).