Emissions into the atmosphere
The main measures of the environmental safety program in Russia in relation to pollutant emissions into the atmosphere comprise:
- Upgrading and constructing new generation facilities at electrical energy sector entities that are equipped with improved automated systems to regulate fuel combustion processes and heat losses and minimize emissions of pollutants
- Replacements or upgrades according to the principle of utilizing the best available technology and equipment at industrial facilities
- Use of emission trapping and treatment systems
In 2018 Russian entities significantly reduced emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere (by 14%), including solid particles and nitrogen oxide. This result was achieved chiefly through reducing associated petroleum gas combustion volumes.
The majority of discharges from foreign entities was attributable to the rapid development of a gas project in Uzbekistan.
|By Russian entities||By foreign entities|
|solid particle discharges||26.9||24.3||14.7||0.2|
|hydrocarbon discharges (including volatile organic compounds (VOC))||199.2||187.8||188.3||1.1|
|discharges of other pollutants||1.8||1.2||4.2||0.0|
Notes. 1) The data for 2018 for foreign entities include data for LUKOIL Neftohim Burgas AD, PETROTEL-LUKOIL S.A., and LLC LUKOIL Uzbekistan Operating Company. 2) The weight of hazardous substances (benzo[a]pyrene) in discharges by the Russian entities of LUKOIL Group in 2018 amounted to 0.00098 thousand tons.
|Oil and gas extraction, kg/ton of oil equivalent in extracted hydrocarbon resources||5.5||4.1||3.4|
|Oil refining, kg/ton of refined oil||0.9||0.9||0.8|
|Petrochemicals, kg/ton of processed raw materials||1.0||1.3||1.1|
|Oil products supply, kg/ton of oil products sold||0.7||0.8||0.8|
|Transportation, kg/ton of oil products transported||0.1||0.1||0.2|
|electrical energy sector, kg/ton of oil equivalent in consumed fuel||3.7||2.6||2.9|