Qualification of personnel

As of December 31, 2018, LUKOIL Group entities employed over 105,000 people, including around 88,000 in Russia, around 11,000 in Europe, around 1,000 in Asia, 5,000 in Post-Soviet countries, and about 150 in other foreign countries. The vast majority of employees of the Russian entities of LUKOIL Group worked under permanent contracts and full-time.

The structure of personnel has been stable for the past three years (in terms of age, employee categories, and the ratio of men to women). In terms of categories of employees, managers make up 12%, specialists 27%, and workers and other employees 61%. The proportion of female and male employees is 41% and 59%, respectively. Among personnel there are many young employees under 35 (39%); the second-largest employee group is employees aged 41–50.

Over half of employees (about 60%) are employed in the Refining, Trade, and Sales business segment, and over a third (about 35%) are employed by oil and gas producers. Around 14% of employees work on a rotational basis.

We continuously monitor the employee turnover rate and analyze the reasons for dismissals at each LUKOIL Group entity. We try to respond in a timely manner and to make adjustments to events over which the Company can exert influence.

Average number of employees, people
2016 2017 2018
Total for LUKOIL Group, including: 105,539 103,647 102,508
Russian entities 85,391 85,790 85,105
Foreign entities 20,148 17,857 17,403

Number of employees as of December 31 of each year, people
2016 2017 2018
Total for LUKOIL Group, including: 110,101 107,405 105,991
Russian entities 90,112 89,323 88,019
Foreign entities 19,989 18,082 17,972
Staff turnover, %
2016 2017 2018
Total for LUKOIL Group, including: 7.2 6.7 7.8
Russian entities 5.9 5.6 7.0
Foreign entities 12.8 11.6 11.5

Notes. 1) The personnel turnover rate is calculated as the ratio of the number of employees dismissed to the average staff number as of the reporting period. Dismissed employees include employees fired for absenteeism and for other workplace discipline violations, and employees resigning of their own accord and without good cause (due to a change of residence, retirement, to care for a child aged under 14, etc.) or by mutual agreement between the parties (with the exception of employees that were rehired within a year).
2) The main reason for the increase in the personnel turnover rate in 2018 was a restructuring of the Oil Product Supply in the Russia business sector (four entities were combined with four other entities, with associated redundancies eliminated).